Library

 

Institutional Links

International Maritime Organization (IMO): www.imo.org

International labour Organisation (ILO) www.ilo.org

International Transport Workers’ Federation (ITF) www.itfglobal.org

Human Rights Watch: www.hrw.org

Amnesty International: http://www.amnesty.org

No Peace Without Justice: http://www.npwj.org

UN Oceans and Law of the Sea: http://www.un.org/depts/los/convention_agreements/convention_overview_convention.htm

UN High Commissioner for Refugees: www.unhcr.org

Business and Human Rights Resource Centre (BHRRC): http://www.business-humanrights.org

British Maritime Law Association: www.bmla.org.uk

Comité Maritime International: www.comitemaritime.org

International Foundation for the Law of the Sea: www.iflos.org

100 Series Rules for the Use of Force: https://100seriesrules.com

UNICEF Convention on the Rights of the Child: http://www.unicef.org.uk/UNICEFs-Work/Our-mission/UN-Convention

Children’s Rights and Business Principles: http://childrenandbusiness.org

ISO 2600 Social Responsibility: http://www.iso.org/iso/discovering_iso_26000.pdf

ISO and social responsibility: http://www.iso.org/iso/socialresponsibility.pdf

ICRC IHL database: https://www.icrc.org/customary-ihl/eng/docs/home

ICRC Treaties and States Parties to such Treaties database: https://www.icrc.org/ihl

 

2019 Update

 

Human Rights in the Gulf Region

Useful links on Institutes and Academic Papers:

http://www.gc4hr.org/page/about_us

https://www.fidh.org/en/region/asia/iran/16497-iran-position-paper-regarding-the-human-rights-situation-in-iran-for-the

https://www.ciaonet.org/attachments/21690/uploads

https://www.hrw.org/world-report/2018/country-chapters/united-arab-emirates

https://www.hrw.org/world-report/2019/country-chapters/iran

https://trace.tennessee.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?referer=https://www.google.com/&httpsredir=1&article=1244&context=pursuit

http://www.marsafelawjournal.org/wp-content/uploads/2017/06/Issue3_Article_GALANI.pdf

Slavery at Sea

International Instruments

Agreement on port state measures to prevent, deter and eliminate illegal, unreported and unregulated fishing, by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (2009), http://www.fao.org/fileadmin/user_upload/legal/docs/1_037t-e.pdf

ILO Maritime Labour Convention, 2006 (Entry into force: 20 Aug 2013; ) http://www.ilo.org/dyn/normlex/en/f?p=NORMLEXPUB:91:0

ILO Forced Labour Convention, 1930 (No. 29) http://www.ilo.org/dyn/normlex/en/f?p=NORMLEXPUB:12100:0::NO::P12100_ILO_CODE:C029

ILO Abolition of Forced Labour Convention, 1957 (No. 105) http://www.ilo.org/dyn/normlex/en/f?p=1000:12100:0::NO::P12100_ILO_CODE:C105

ILO Minimum Age Convention, 1973 (No. 138) http://www.ilo.org/dyn/normlex/en/f?p=NORMLEXPUB:12100:0::NO:12100:P12100_ILO_CODE:C138

ILO Worst Forms of Child Labour Convention, 1999 (No. 182) http://www.ilo.org/dyn/normlex/en/f?p=NORMLEXPUB:12100:0::NO:12100:P12100_INSTRUMENT_ID:312327:NO

Council of Europe, European Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms, as amended by Protocols Nos. 11 and 14, 4 November 1950, ETS 5, Article 4(1)available at:https://www.refworld.org/docid/3ae6b3b04.html

www. Parliament. Uk Bill Documents – Modern Slavery (Victim Support) Bill [HL] 2017-19 https://services.parliament.uk/bills/2017-19/modernslaveryvictimsupport/documents.html

UN General Assembly, International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights, 16 December 1966, United Nations, Treaty Series, vol. 999, p. 171, available at: https://www.refworld.org/docid/3ae6b3aa0.html

UN General Assembly, Universal Declaration of Human Rights, 10 December 1948, 217 A (III)

 

Slavery Referral texts and other publications

The World Bank, Documents and Reports, Human Trafficking, Modern Slavery, and Economic Exploitation (English) (2019) http://documents.worldbank.org/curated/en/208471468174880847/Human-trafficking-modern-day-slavery-and-economic-exploitation

Mutaqin, Zezen. (2018). Modern-day Slavery at Sea: Human Trafficking in the Thai Fishing Industry. Journal of East Asia and International Law. 11. 75-76. 10.14330/jeail.2018.11.1.04.

https://www.researchgate.net/publication/325548863_Modern-day_Slavery_at_Sea_Human_Trafficking_in_the_Thai_Fishing_Industry

Greenpeace guidance for the seafood industry and government, ‘Slavery and Labour Abuse in the Fishing Sector’ (2014)

http://www.greenpeace.org/international/Global/international/briefings/oceans/2014/Slavery-and-Labour-Abuse-in-the-Fishing-Sector.pdf

UK Government, ‘Explanatory Notes – Modern Slavery Act 2015’

http://legislation.data.gov.uk/ukpga/2015/30/notes/data.htm?wrap=true

ILO, ‘Final report “ILO expert workshop on Measuring Modern Slavery” ‘ (2015)

http://www.ilo.org/global/topics/forced-labour/publications/WCMS_390001/lang–en/index.htm

ILO, ‘Forced and compulsory labour in international human rights law’ (2015)

http://www.ilo.org/global/topics/forced-labour/publications/WCMS_342966/lang–en/index.htm

https://www.antislaverycommissioner.co.uk/media/1164/iasc_annual-report-16-17-web.pdf 

Anti- Slavery, What is Modern Slavery 1)https://www.antislavery.org/slavery-today/

2)https://www.antislavery.org/slavery-today/modern-slavery/

UNCHR, Slavery Convention (1927) in Accordance with Aricle 12

https://www.ohchr.org/en/professionalinterest/pages/slaveryconvention.aspx

ILO, ‘Report: Methodology of the Global Estimates of Modern Slavery: Forced Labour and Forced Marriage (2017)

https://www.ilo.org/global/topics/forced-labour/publications/WCMS_586127/lang–en/index.htm

The Global Slavery Index, ‘Modern Slavery: A hidden Everyday Problem’

https://www.globalslaveryindex.org/

Human Rights Watch, ‘Australia Starts Tackling Modern Slavery’’ (2019) https://www.hrw.org/news/2019/01/09/australia-starts-tackling-modern-slavery

Stoyanova V, Human Trafficking and Slavery Reconsidered: Conceptual Limits and States’ Positive Obligations in European Law(Cambridge University Press 2017) https://www.cambridge.org/core/books/human-trafficking-and-slavery-reconsidered/558DA69CC257F039AEE0BD73823FA53

Briefing Paper of the European Parliament and the Directorate-General for External Policies of the Union: http://bookshop.europa.eu/en/addressing-contemporary-forms-of-slavery-in-eu-external-policy-pbBB0113823/?CatalogCategoryID=cOwKABstC3oAAAEjeJEY4e5

ILO report “Caught at sea: Forced labour and trafficking in fisheries” http://www.ilo.org/global/topics/forced-labour/publications/WCMS_214472/lang–en/index.htm

Sold to the Sea: Human Trafficking in Thailand’s Fishing Industry (EJF film), ISBN 978-1-904523-29-1, publication date: 29. May 2013

Slavery at Sea: The Continued Plight of Trafficked Migrants in Thailand’s Fishing Industry (EJF film), ISBN 978-1-904523-34-5, publication date: 4 May 2014

An introduction to transnational criminal law / Neil Boister, Oxford, U.K.: Oxford University Press, 2012, ISBN: 978-0-19-163201-3

The Slavery Conventions : the travaux préparatoires of the 1926 League of Nations convention and the 1956 United Nations convention / by Jean Allain, Boston : Martinus Nijhoff Publishers, c2008, http://booksandjournals.brillonline.com/content/9789047429968

 

 

Human Trafficking International Instruments

The United Nations Convention against Transnational Organized Crime (UNTOC) (Palermo Convention) http://www.unodc.org/documents/treaties/UNTOC/Publications/TOC%20Convention/TOCebook-e.pdf

The United Nations protocol to prevent, suppress and punish trafficking in persons, especially women and children, supplementing the united nations convention against transnational organized crime http://www.uncjin.org/Documents/Conventions/dcatoc/final_documents_2/convention_%20traff_eng.pdf

Protocol against the Smuggling of Migrants by Land, Sea and Air http://www.unodc.org/documents/treaties/UNTOC/Publications/TOC%20Convention/TOCebook-e.pdf

UN: Supplementary Convention on the Abolition of Slavery, entered into force in 1957 http://www.ohchr.org/EN/ProfessionalInterest/Pages/SupplementaryConventionAbolitionOfSlavery.aspx

ILO Maritime Labour Convention, 2006 (Entry into force: 20 Aug 2013) http://www.ilo.org/dyn/normlex/en/f?p=NORMLEXPUB:91:0

ILO Forced Labour Convention, 1930 (No. 29) http://www.ilo.org/dyn/normlex/en/f?p=NORMLEXPUB:12100:0::NO::P12100_ILO_CODE:C029

ILO Abolition of Forced Labour Convention, 1957 (No. 105) http://www.ilo.org/dyn/normlex/en/f?p=1000:12100:0::NO::P12100_ILO_CODE:C105

ILO Minimum Age Convention, 1973 (No. 138) http://www.ilo.org/dyn/normlex/en/f?p=NORMLEXPUB:12100:0::NO:12100:P12100_ILO_CODE:C138

ILO Worst Forms of Child Labour Convention, 1999 (No. 182) http://www.ilo.org/dyn/normlex/en/f?p=NORMLEXPUB:12100:0::NO:12100:P12100_INSTRUMENT_ID:312327:NO

Council of EuropeConvention on Action against Trafficking in Human Beings(CETS No. 197) http://www.conventions.coe.int/Treaty/Commun/QueVoulezVous.asp?NT=197&CM=1&CL=ENG

European Convention on Human Rightshttp://www.echr.coe.int/Documents/Convention_ENG.pdf

Council Dierective 2004/81/EC http://eur-lex.europa.eu/LexUriServ/LexUriServ.do?uri=CELEX:32004L0081:EN:HTML

EU Directive 2011/36/EU, (Directive on preventing and combating trafficking in human beings) http://eur-lex.europa.eu/LexUriServ/LexUriServ.do?uri=OJ:L:2011:101:0001:0011:EN:PDF

In 2003 the OSCE established an anti-trafficking mechanism aimed at raising public awareness of the problem and building the political will within participating States to tackle it effectively. The OSCE actions against human trafficking are coordinated by the Office of the Special Representative for Combating the Traffic of Human Beingshttp://www.osce.org/secretariat/trafficking

 

Referral texts and other publications

UNODC Issue Paper: Smuggling of Migrants by Sea (2011) http://www.unodc.org/documents/human-trafficking/Migrant-Smuggling/Issue-Papers/Issue_Paper_-_Smuggling_of_Migrants_by_Sea.pdf

UNODC: transnational organized crime in the fishing industry http://www.unodc.org/documents/human-trafficking/Issue_Paper_-_TOC_in_the_Fishing_Industry.pdf

UNODC: Global report on trafficking in persons (2012) http://www.unodc.org/documents/data-and-analysis/glotip/Trafficking_in_Persons_2012_web.pdf

UNODC: Compendium on best practices on human trafficking by law enforcement agencies: http://www.unodc.org/documents/human-trafficking/India_Training_material/Compendium_of_Best_Practices_by_Law_Enforcement_Agencies.pdf

UNODC: Countering Trafficking in Persons in Conflict Situation (2018): https://www.unodc.org/documents/human-trafficking/2018/17-08776_ebook-Countering_Trafficking_in_Persons_in_Conflict_Situations.pdf

UNODC: The International Legal Definition of Trafficking in Persons: Consolidation of research findings and reflection on issues raised (2018) https://www.unodc.org/documents/human-trafficking/2018/Issue_Paper_International_Definition_TIP.pdf

UNODC: Human trafficking Knowledge Portal: Case Law Database https://sherloc.unodc.org/cld/v3/htms/cldb/index.html?lng=en  

 

Migrants and Refugees International instruments

The 1951 United NationsConvention Relating to the Status of Refugees; also referred to as the Geneva
Convention http://www.unhcr.org/3b66c2aa10.pdf

The 1967 Protocol relating to the Status of Refugees http://www.unhcr.org/3b66c2aa10.pdf

The 1969 OAU Convention Governingthe Specific Aspects of Refugee Problems in Africa http://www.unhcr.org/45dc1a682.html

EU regulation No 604/2013 (Dublin Regulation III) http://eur-lex.europa.eu/LexUriServ/LexUriServ.do?uri=OJ:L:2013:180:0031:0059:EN:PDF

EU regulation No 1052/2013, establishing the European
Border Surveillance System (Eurosur) http://frontex.europa.eu/assets/Legal_basis/Eurosur_Regulation_2013.pdf

IMO Resolution A.920(22) http://www.imo.org/OurWork/Facilitation/IllegalMigrants/Documents/Resolution%20A.920%2822%29.pdf

Resolution MSC.153(78), adoption of amendments to SOLAS http://www.imo.org/OurWork/Facilitation/IllegalMigrants/Documents/Resolution%20MSC.153%2878%29-MSC%2078.pdf

Resolution MSC.155(78), adoption of amendments to SAR http://www.imo.org/OurWork/Facilitation/IllegalMigrants/Documents/Resolution%20MSC.155-%2078.pdf

MSC Guidelines on the treatment of persons rescued at sea http://www.imo.org/OurWork/Facilitation/IllegalMigrants/Documents/MSC.167%2878%29.pdf

 

 

Referral texts and other publications

IOM, ‘World Migration Report 2018’. (2018https://publications.iom.int/system/files/pdf/wmr_2018_en.pdf

European Migrant Crisis: Mediterranean Crossings deadlier than Ever- UNCHR https://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-europe-45395468

Latest Issues- The Refugee Brief (1 March 2019) https://www.unhcr.org/refugeebrief/latest-issues/

Deflagging of Refugee Rescue Ship ‘a Dark Moment for Europe’ (12 February 2019) https://www.theguardian.com/global-development/2019/feb/12/deflagging-refugee-rescue-ship-aquarius-a-dark-moment-for-europe

Refugee Crisis: 2016 on Course to Be Deadliest Year on Record as Thousands of Asylum Seekers Drown in Mediterranean (30 July 2016) https://www.independent.co.uk/news/world/europe/refugee-crisis-2016-on-course-to-be-deadliest-year-on-record-as-thousands-of-asylum-seekers-drown-in-a7164271.html

The 10 Best Articles on Refugees and Migration 25/2016 (28 June 2016) https://openmigration.org/en/web-review/the-10-best-articles-on-refugees-and-migration-252016/

Year in Review: The Refugee Crisis in 2016 (29 December 2016) https://www.newsdeeply.com/refugees/articles/2016/12/29/year-in-review-the-refugee-crisis-in-2016

EU Migrant Crisis: Facts and Figures (30 June 2017) http://www.europarl.europa.eu/news/en/headlines/society/20170629STO78630/eu-migrant-crisis-facts-and-figures

The 10 Best Articles on Refugees and Migration1/2017 (10 January 2017) https://openmigration.org/en/web-review/the-10-best-articles-on-refugees-and-migration-12017/

Europe’s Migrant Crisis isn’t Going Away, but it is Changing (29 August 2017) https://edition.cnn.com/2017/08/17/europe/mediterranean-migrant-crisis-2017/index.html

Top 20 Facts about Refugees and People Seeking Asylum (2018)

Syrian Refugees: Four Million People Forced to Flee as Crisis Deepens (9 July 2015)  https://www.theguardian.com/global-development/2015/jul/09/syria-refugees-4-million-people-flee-crisis-deepens

Refugee and Migrant Crisis in Europe: Children on the Move September 2015-December 2016 (23 September 2015) https://reliefweb.int/report/syrian-arab-republic/refugee-and-migrant-crisis-europe-children-move-september-2015-december

Over One Million Migrants and Refugees have Reached Europe this Year, Says IOM (22 December 2015) https://www.theguardian.com/world/2015/dec/22/one-million-migrants-and-refugees-have-reached-europe-this-year-iom

Europe’s Refugee and Migrant Crisis in 2016. In numbers (5 December 2016) https://www.weforum.org/agenda/2016/12/europes-refugee-and-migrant-crisis-in-2016-in-numbers

https://www.refugeecouncil.org.uk/topfacts

Spain’s Immigration Problem: Out of Which Comes a Story About Princesa (17 August 2014): http://www.latinpost.com/articles/19404/20140817/www-google-com.htm

Spain Suspects Morocco Allowed a Brief Flood of Migrants (15 August 2014): http://www.nytimes.com/2014/08/16/world/europe/spain-suspects-morocco-allowed-a-brief-flood-of-migrants.html?smid=nytcore-iphone-share&smprod=nytcore-iphone

Italy: EU Must Take Over Migrant Boat Rescues (15 August 2014): http://www.thelocal.it/20140815/italy-urges-eu-to-take-over-migrant-boat-rescues

By Sea And By Ladder, Africans Seek Entry to Spain (14 Aug 2014): http://www.nytimes.com/2014/08/14/world/europe/by-sea-and-by-ladder-africans-seek-entry-to-spain.html?action=click&contentCollection=Europe&module=RelatedCoverage&region=Marginalia&pgtype=article

Greece Seeks EC Influence to Tackle Surge in Illegal Migrants (14 August 2014): http://www.seatrade-global.com/news/europe/greece-seeks-ec-influence-to-tackle-surge-in-illegal-migrants.html

Record Number of Migrants Arriving in Italy and Spain as Madrid Blames Morocco (13 August 2014): http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/worldnews/europe/spain/11031175/Record-number-of-migrants-arriving-in-Italy-and-Spain-as-Madrid-blames-Morocco.html

Frontex Presses On With Aerial Surveillance Projects (12 August 2014): http://www.statewatch.org/news/2014/aug/frontex-aerial-surveillance.htm

Migrants Head For Spain In Boats (12 August 2014): http://www.dw.de/migrants-head-for-spain-in-boats/a-17848470

Boat Migrant Arrivals to Italy Up 500 Percent in 2014 (12 August 2014): http://reliefweb.int/report/italy/boat-migrant-arrivals-italy-500-percent-2014

Conditions for Asylum Seekers Worsen in Libya (7 August 2014): http://www.asmarino.com/articles/3857-conditions-for-asylum-seekers-worsen-in-libya

Concern Mounts For Refugees and Asylum Seekers in Libya (5 August 2014): http://reliefweb.int/report/libya/concern-mounts-refugees-and-asylum-seekers-libya

Migration and Public Health in Europe (4 August 2014): http://www.scienceonthenet.eu/content/article/cristina-da-rold/migration-and-public-health-europe/august-2014

Pressure on Greece’s Border With Turkey Mounts As More Refugees Flee Middle East (2 August 2014): http://www.ekathimerini.com/4dcgi/_w_articles_wsite1_1_02/08/2014_541909

Eritrean Migrants Risk Detentions and Beatings in Libya for a Life in Europe (1 August 2014): http://www.theguardian.com/world/2014/aug/01/eritrean-migrants-detention-beating-libya-europe

EU Must ‘Take Urgent Action’ To Ensure Safety Of Refugees (31 July 2014): https://www.theparliamentmagazine.eu/articles/news/eu-must-take-urgent-action-ensure-safety-refugees

People Before Borders (29 July 2014): http://www.globalissues.org/news/2014/07/29/19820

The Missed Opportunity of the “Ypres Guidelines” of the European Council Regarding Immigration and Asylum (29 July 2014): http://blogs.eui.eu/migrationpolicycentre/the-missed-opportunity-of-the-ypres-guidelines-of-the-european-council-regarding-immigration-and-asylum

Stopping the Wave of Asylum Seekers Means Fixing Libya (29 July 2014): http://euobserver.com/opinion/125139

Prioritising Border Control Over Human Lives: Violations Of The Rights Of Migrants and Refugees At Sea (28 July 2014): http://www.euromedrights.org/eng/2014/06/28/prioritising-border-control-over-human-lives-violations-of-the-rights-of-migrants-and-refugees-at-sea

Better Management of Dead and Missing Migrants Needed In Europe (28 July 2014): http://www.irinnews.org/report/100403/better-management-of-dead-and-missing-migrants-needed-in-europe

First Privately Funded Refugee Rescue Operation Sets Sale From Malta in August (28 July 2014): http://www.independent.co.uk/news/world/europe/first-privately-funded-refugee-rescue-operation-sets-sail-from-malta-in-august-9633091.html

Tracing Dead Migrants in Europe (28 July 2014): http://beforeitsnews.com/alternative/2014/07/tracing-dead-migrants-in-europe-3001544.html

Refugees Must Have Safe Access To Europe (26 July 2014): http://www.dw.de/refugees-must-have-safe-access-to-europe/a-17809981

Urgent EU Action Needed to End Refugee and Migrant Deaths at Sea, says UNHCR (25 July 2014): http://www.africa-news.eu/immigration-news/italy/6203-urgent-eu-action-needed-to-end-refugee-and-migrant-deaths-at-sea-says-unhcr.html

Mediterranean Boat People Numbers Soar This Year (24 July 2014): http://www.worldbulletin.net/haber/141301/mediterranean-boat-people-numbers-soar-this-year

UNHCR Calls For Urgent European Action to End Refugee and Migrant Deaths at Sea (24 July 2014):http://reliefweb.int/report/italy/unhcr-calls-urgent-european-action-end-refugee-and-migrant-deaths-sea

EU Grapples With Smugglers As People Fleeing Conflict Face Torture (23 July 2014): http://euobserver.com/justice/125074

EU Solidarity For Rescue-At-Sea and Protection of Refugees and Migrants (22 July 2014): http://www.unhcr.org/531990199.pdf

Boldrini Wants Asylum Requests Allowed in Transit Countries (22 July 2014): http://www.ansamed.info/ansamed/en/news/sections/generalnews/2014/07/22/boldrini-wants-asylum-requests-allowed-in-transit-countries_7a535a79-0a47-493f-81d3-c3d9524905e3.html

19 Migrants Suffocate On Boat to Italy (19 July 2014): http://www.worldbulletin.net/haber/140989/19-migrants-suffocate-on-boat-to-italy

Bulgaria Under Fire Over Anti-Refugee Border Fence (17 July 2014): http://www.hurriyetdailynews.com/bulgaria-under-fire-over-anti-refugee-border-fence.aspx?pageID=238&nID=69269&NewsCatID=351

Lives at the Southern Borders (17 July 2014): https://jrseurope.org/assets/Regions/EUR/media/files/lives_at_the_southern_borders.pdf

Italy Rescues More Than 1700 Boat Migrants In Three Days (16 July 2014): http://www.worldbulletin.net/world/140757/italy-rescues-more-than-1700-boat-migrants-in-three-days

Lost at Sea (16 July 2014): http://www.bu.edu/law/faculty/scholarship/workingpapers/LostAtSea.html

Europe’s Migration Emergency (14 July 2014): http://www.nytimes.com/2014/07/15/opinion/europes-migration-emergency.html

No One Deserves To Die At Sea (13 July 2014): http://www.maltatoday.com.mt/news/interview/41131/watch_no_one_deserves_to_die_at_sea#.U_IG1YBdV7R

Maiziere: EU Must Help Refugees At The Source (11 July 2014): http://www.dw.de/maiziere-eu-must-help-refugees-at-the-source/a-17773504

Portugal Adopts New Asylum Legislation Transposing EU Asylum Directives (11 July 2014): http://www.ecre.org/component/content/article/70-weekly-bulletin-articles/785-portugal-adopts-new-asylum-legislation-transposing-eu-asylum-directives.html

Italy In Talks With EU To Share Responsibility For Migrants (9 July 2014): http://www.worldbulletin.net/haber/140308/italy-in-talks-with-eu-to-share-responsibility-for-migrants

The Human Cost of the Fortress of Europe (9 July 2014): http://www.amnesty.org/en/library/asset/EUR05/001/2014/en/48cb6136-cefc-4fd0-96cd-cd43b46eb5a8/eur050012014en.pdf

EU Migration Policies Put Lives and Rights at Risk (9 July 2014): http://www.amnesty.org/en/news/eu-migration-policies-put-lives-and-rights-risk-2014-07-09

Refugees Shouldn’t Be Italy’s Burden Alone (8 July 2014): http://online.wsj.com/articles/italys-refugee-problem-1404847685

Latest Boat Tragedy Off Libya Adds To Rising Death Toll In Mediterranean (8 July 2014): http://www.unhcr.org/cgi-bin/texis/vtx/search?page=search&docid=53bbc6b09&query=libya

Growing Refugee Numbers Call For EU Solidarity (8 July 2014): http://www.dw.de/growing-refugee-numbers-call-for-eu-solidarity/a-1776844

‘Open Legal Routes to Refugees’: Malmstrom (8 July 2014): http://www.thelocal.it/20140708/we-must-open-legal-routes-to-refugees-malmstrom

81 Migrants Reported Dead Or Missing On Sea Route To Italy (3 July 2014): http://www.worldbulletin.net/haber/139939/81-migrants-reported-dead-or-missing-on-sea-route-to-italy

The Effect Of Negative Labelling – Why Are We Still Talking About ‘Migrants’? (1 July 2014): http://migrantsatsea.org/2014/07/01/guest-post-the-effect-of-negative-labelling-why-are-we-still-talking-about-migrants

Strengthening EU Border Security Won’t Stop the Deaths of Migrants in the Mediterranean (1 July 2014): http://blogs.lse.ac.uk/europpblog/2014/07/01/strengthening-eu-border-security-wont-stop-the-deaths-of-migrants-in-the-mediterranean

Does EU Have Political Will to Stop Deaths in the Mediterranean Sea? (1 July 2014): http://www.africa-news.eu/immigration-news/italy/6166-does-eu-have-political-will-to-stop-deaths-in-the-mediterranean-sea.html

Whose Sea? Mare Nostrum and the Politics of Migration in the Med (30 June 2014): http://nandosigona.wordpress.com/2014/06/30/whose-sea-mare-nostrum-and-the-politics-of-migration-in-the-med

Refugees Or Migrants? (27 June 2014): http://www.nai.uu.se/news/articles/2014/06/27/104657

New EU Rules on Maritime Surveillance: Will They Stop the Deaths and Push-Backs in the Mediterranean? (27 June 2014): http://eulawanalysis.blogspot.co.uk/2014/06/new-eu-rules-on-maritime-surveillance.html

Europe and the Refugees (21 June 2014): http://blog.nohatespeechmovement.org/europe-and-the-refugees

Guards Drive Back African Migrants at Morocco-Spain Border (14 June 2014): http://www.dw.de/guards-drive-back-african-migrants-at-morocco-spain-border/a-17707637

EU Must Establish Common ‘Safe’ and ‘Regular’ Migration Paths (13 June 2014): http://www.apc-cza.org/en/component/content/article/8-vesti/558-eu-must-establish-common-safe-and-regular-migration-paths.html

Italy: Refugees ‘Left Stranded and Starving’ in Rome and Milan (11 June 2014): http://www.ibtimes.co.uk/italy-refugees-left-stranded-starving-rome-milan-1452233

Why Figures Matter (10 June 2014): http://protectiongateway.com/2014/06/10/why-figures-matter

The ‘Left-To-Die Boat’: Actions and Reactions (9 June 2014): http://assembly.coe.int/nw/xml/XRef/X2H-Xref-ViewPDF.asp?FileID=20940&lang=en

US Amphibious Assault Ship Rescues Illegal Migrants in Mediterranean, Brings More Problems For Beleaguered Malta (8 June 2014): http://refugeeresettlementwatch.wordpress.com/2014/06/08/us-amphibious-assault-ship-rescues-illegal-migrants-in-mediterranean-brings-more-problems-for-beleaguered-malta

EU Home Affairs Ministers Urged to Open Legal Channels For Refugees and Migrants (6 June 2014):http://us1.campaign-archive2.com/?u=8e3ebd297b1510becc6d6d690&id=49ecabdeb3#jha

Italy’s Forgotten Refugees (5 June 2014): http://inthesetimes.com/article/16800/italys_forgotten_refugees

Holding Centres Will Not Stop Migrants Risking Their Lives Off Europe’s Shores (4 June 2014): http://www.theguardian.com/commentisfree/2014/jun/04/holding-centres-migrants-risking-lives-europe-boat

UN Considers Holding Centres for Refugees to Prevent Deaths at Sea (4 June 2014): http://voiceofrussia.com/uk/news/2014_06_04/UN-considers-holding-centres-for-refugees-to-prevent-deaths-at-sea-5969/

UN Considers Establishing Refugees’ Centres in North Africa and Middle East (4 June 2014): http://www.eepa.be/wcm/320-eepa-news-and-activities/3522-un-considers-establishing-refugees-centres-in-north-africa-and-middle-east.html

Immigration: A Policy Failure At All Levels (3 June 2014): http://www.eureferendum.com/blogview.aspx?blogno=84987

Europe Faces ‘Colosssal Humanitarian Catastrophe Of Refugees Dying At Sea (2 June 2014): http://www.theguardian.com/world/2014/jun/02/europe-refugee-crisis-un-africa-processing-centres

Voices From Europe’s Deadliest Journey (2 June 2014): http://www.theguardian.com/world/2014/jun/02/voices-from-europes-deadliest-journey

EMHRN Position on Refugees From Syria (June 2014): http://www.euromedrights.org/eng/wp-content/uploads/2014/06/EMHRN-Position-on-Refugees-from-Syria_FINAL-EN.pdf

Strengthening Refugee Protection and Meeting Challenges: The European Union’s Next Steps on Asylum (June 2014): http://www.migrationpolicy.org/research/strengthening-refugee-protection-and-meeting-challenges-european-unions-next-steps-asylum

Future EU Policy Development on Immigration and Asylum: Understanding the Challenge (June 2014): http://www.migrationpolicy.org/research/future-eu-policy-development-immigration-and-asylum-understanding-challenge

Going West: Contemporary Mixed Migration Trends from the Horn of Africa to Libya and Europe (June 2014): http://www.regionalmms.org/fileadmin/content/rmms_publications/Going_West_migration_trends_Libya___Europe_final.pdf

Missing in the Mediterranean (June 2014): http://moreintelligentlife.co.uk/content/features/caroline-moorehead/lost-mediterranean?page=full

European Agency Reports Surge in Illegal Migration, Fuelling a Debate (30 May 2014): http://www.nytimes.com/2014/05/31/world/europe/european-border-agency-reports-surge-in-illegal-migration.html

Understanding the Surge in Migrant Boat Crossings in Europe (29 May 2014): http://www.irinnews.org/report/100149/understanding-the-surge-in-migrant-boat-crossings-to-europe

Migrants Reach Spanish Enclave (28 May 2014): http://www.dw.de/migrants-reach-europe-via-melilla/a-17667465

The EU Lacks a Migration Policy (20 May 2014): http://euranetplus-inside.eu/the-eu-lacks-a-migration-policy

Her Job? To Welcome Boat Migrants Landing at Sicily’s Ports (20 May 2014): http://passblue.com/2014/05/20/her-job-to-welcome-the-boat-migrants-landing-at-sicilys-ports

Refugee Protection In Europe: A Proposal For Burden-Sharing (19 May 2014): http://www.eutopiamagazine.eu/en/eiko-thielemann/issue/refugee-protection-europe-proposal-burden-sharing

Will Europe Let More Refugees And Migrants Die At Sea? (15 May 2014): http://www.sos-europe-amnesty.eu/will-europe-let-more-refugees-and-migrants-die-at-sea-blog/

Refugees At Sea ‘Is Not An Italian Problem’: Shared EU Responsibility In The Mediterranean Crisis (8 May 2014): http://spititoutblog.wordpress.com/2014/05/08/refugees-at-sea-is-not-an-italian-problem-shared-eu-responsibility-in-the-mediterranean-crisis/

Europe Needs More Solidarity to Cope With the Challenge of Immigration (2 May 2014): http://juncker.epp.eu/news/europe-needs-more-solidarity-cope-challenge-immigration

Supporting Immigrant Integration in Europe? Developing the Governance of Diaspora Engagement (May 2014): http://www.migrationpolicy.org/research/immigrant-integration-europe-developing-governance-diaspora-engagement

Europe’s Migration Crisis (28 April 2014): http://www.cfr.org/migration/europes-migration-crisis/p32874

Italian Right Calls For End To Migrant Rescue Programme (23 April 2014): http://euobserver.com/news/123904

Europe’s African Refugee Crisis: Is The Boat Really Full? (15 April 2014): http://www.spiegel.de/international/europe/european-refugee-crisis-worsens-in-mediterranean-a-964304.html

EU-Africa Summit: A Eurocentric Approach (10 April 2014): http://blogs.eui.eu/migrationpolicycentre/eu-africa-summit-a-eurocentric-approach/

Greece: Frontier Of Hope And Fear (April 2014): http://www.sos-europe-amnesty.eu/content/assets/docs/Greece_Frontier_of_Hope_and_Fear_Avril_2014.pdf

Mediterranean Flows Into Europe: – Migration and the EU’s Foreign Policy (March 2014): http://www.europarl.europa.eu/RegData/etudes/briefing_note/join/2014/522330/EXPO-JOIN_SP(2014)522330_EN.pdf

Europa: The EU and the Refugee Crisis (2016) https://publications.europa.eu/en/publication-detail/-/publication/1aa55791-3875-4612-9b40-a73a593065a3

Mattia Toaldo, ‘Libya’smigrant-smuggling highway: Lessons for Europe’, European Council on Foreign Relations (2015) https://www.ecfr.eu/publications/summary/libyas_migrant_smuggling_highway_lessons_for_europe5002

UNODC Model law against the smuggling of migrants (2010) http://www.unodc.org/documents/human-trafficking/Model_Law_Smuggling_of_Migrants_10-52715_Ebook.pdf

International Migration – A publication of the UN System CEB for Coordination http://www.imo.org/OurWork/Facilitation/IllegalMigrants/Documents/Internatioanl%20Migration%20-%20UN%20System%20CEB%20for%20Coordination.pdf

UNODC A short introduction on migrant smuggling http://www.unodc.org/documents/human-trafficking/Migrant-Smuggling/Issue-Papers/Issue_Paper_-_A_short_introduction_to_migrant_smuggling.pdf

The European Council invites the newly established Task Force for the Mediterranean to identify priority actions for a more efficient short term use of European policies and tools to help detecting vessels and illegal entries, contributing to protecting and saving lives at the EU’s external borders http://www.consilium.europa.eu/uedocs/cms_data/docs/pressdata/en/ec/139197.pdf

IMO Circular Fal.3/Circ.194 http://www.imo.org/OurWork/Facilitation/Documents/FAL.3%20Circ.194.pdf

International Organization for Migration, World Migration Report; latest 2013 http://publications.iom.int/bookstore/free/WMR2013_EN.pdf

European Commission Press release Brussels, 4 December 2013 ‘ Lampedusa follow up: concrete actions to prevent loss of life in the Mediterranean and better address migratory and asylum flows’ http://europa.eu/rapid/press-release_IP-13-1199_en.htm

EUROPEAN COMMISSION MEMO Brussels, 9 October 2013 EU action in the fields of migration and asylum http://europa.eu/rapid/press-release_MEMO-13-862

 

Immigration, Migration and border security Reports

FRA Migration Key Fundamental Rights Concerns- Quarterly Bulletun 1 (February 2019) https://fra.europa.eu/en/publication/2019/migration-key-fundamental-rights-concerns-quarterly-bulletin-1

Legatum Institute: Our Latest Report Illustrates why the Refugee Crisis is the Humanitarian Challenge of our Time (20 June 2018) https://www.li.com/activities/publications/global-people-movements

Homeland Security FY2017 Border Security Metrics Report https://www.dhs.gov/publication/fy2017-border-security-metrics-report

FRA 10 Practical Tips to Prevent Border Management Rights Violations https://fra.europa.eu/en/news/2016/10-practical-tips-prevent-border-management-rights-violations

 

Case Studies

2019/02/HRAS_Aquarius_Review_and_Commentary_2019_SECURED.pdf

2019/01/HRAS_Case_Study_Abandonment_Walvis_Bay_Namibia_29_Jan_19_single_pages_SECURED.pdf

2018/08/HRAS-Philippines-UK-Fisheries-Manning-Agents-Report-August-2018-SECURED.pdf

2018/07/HRAS-Case-Study-Seafarers-Abandonment-on-Kish-Isalnd-Iran-1.pdf

https://www.humanrightsatsea.org/wp-content/uploads/2017/07/20170702-MT-Ocean-Pride-HRAS-Investigative-Case-Study-REDACTED-FINAL-SECURED.pdf

20140728-SFS_Case_Study_-_Human_Trafficking_for_Forced_Labour_in_New_Zealand_s_Foreign_Charter_Vessel_Sector_-_P

20140728-SFS_Case_Study_-_Human_Trafficking_for_Forced_Labour_in_New_Zealand_s_Foreign_Charter_Vessel_Sector-Par

20140806-Migrant_Case_Study_Eritrea_Germany

20140910-HRAS_Case_Study_The Push Back Situation in Australia

20141007-HRAS_Case_Study_Children_in_Detention_Australia

20141027-HRAS_Case_Study_Human_Trafficking_Thailand

20150829-An-East-African-Legal-Review-of-the-Application-of-the-100-Series-Rules-for-the-Use-of-Force

20150415-HRAS-Case-Study-MV-Seaman-Guard-Ohio-Report